Major Priority Issues for Latvia during the Swedish EU Presidency, Second Half of 2009

03.07.2009. 18:42
Institutional Issues
  • Agreement on the composition of the European Commission 2009-2014 and on its President.
  • Renewal of discussions on the Lisbon Treaty implementation issues, including on European External Action Service.
  • Agreement on the composition of the European Parliament 2009-2014 in accordance with the decision of the European Council of December 2008.

EU Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region

  • Approval of the Strategy taking into account the interests of Latvia in areas such as energy; competitiveness; education, research and culture; environment; civil security and welfare.
  • Agreement on effective implementation mechanism of the Strategy, with a central role for the European Commission in monitoring, coordination and reporting on the Strategy.
  • Implementation of the Baltic Energy Market Interconnection Plan.

Eastern Partnership

  • Implementation of the Eastern Partnership by means of flagship initiatives in priority areas, such as, free trade and economic integration, sustainable environmental policy, including energy efficiency, mobility along with secure borders, and education.
  • Further developing of multilateral dialogue with partner countries; increase of the EU financial support after 2010; ensuring the follow-up of the activities that have been started.
  • Strengthening of trade relations with partner countries: continuation of negotiations on free trade area within the framework of EU-Ukraine Association Agreement; preparatory work for starting negotiations on Free Trade Agreements with Georgia and Armenia; conclusion of a feasibility study on establishing a free trade area with Moldova.

Transatlantic Relationship

  • Further co-operation with the US focusing on Eastern Partnership member states and Central Asia.
  • Continuation of co-operation in regional issues, especially in relation to Afghanistan, Pakistan, Middle East, Iran, and North Korea.

EU – Russia Relations

  • Further negotiations on the new EU – Russia agreement focusing attention on the content and not on the deadline.
  • Advancement in Russia's accession process to the WTO providing that the accession conditions are met.

EU Enlargement and Western Balkans

  • Continuation of accession negotiations with Croatia and Turkey in accordance with the speed of each country's internal reform process and meeting of criteria set by the EU.
  • Continuation of the EU integration process of former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Serbia, Albania, Montenegro, and Bosnia and Herzegovina in accordance with each country's progress in meeting the set criteria.
  • Active EU involvement in Western Balkans, inter alia, finding a way for full-fledged participation of Kosovo in regional cooperation initiatives.

European Security and Defence Policy

  • Continued international presence in Georgia, extension and strengthening of the EU monitoring mission.
  • Continuation of the EU mission EUPOL Afghanistan to advance the security sector reform.
  • Continuation of the EU mission EULEX Kosovo to advance the rule of law reform.
  • Further development of the EU civilian capabilities in selection and training of personnel and in mission support. 
  • Continued improvement of the EU and NATO strategic cooperation in operations by holding informal high level political consultations. 

EU Budget Review

  • Launching, as soon as possible, a debate on the EU budget review in order to give enough time for discussions on its principles and priorities.
  • On the expenditure side, the top priorities for Latvia are cohesion policy, energy, common agricultural policy, and external relations.
  • On the revenue side – simple and transparent revenue system that is understandable to the public.

Lisbon Strategy post-2010

  • Debate on the Lisbon Strategy's scope, priorities and implementation principles, with a view to reach a political agreement on the new Lisbon Strategy in spring European Council 2010.
  • The maintenance of the main objective of the Lisbon Strategy, namely, strong focus on growth and employment. New goals of the Lisbon Strategy should not only be ambitious, but also achievable and clearly defined.
  • Priorities of the Lisbon strategy post-2010: education, research and innovation, improvement of business environment, and fostering the employment, productivity and competitiveness.

External Economic Policy

  • Development of the legal framework in the field of energy security, including, the work on the "EU Energy Action Plan from 2010 onwards".
  • Progress in negotiations on conclusion of the World Trade Organisation Doha Development Round and fight against protectionism in the light of the current economic crisis.
  • Coordinated global action in order to overcome financial and economic crisis.

Preparations for UN Climate Change Conference in Copenhagen

  • Development of the EU position for international negotiations towards a comprehensive agreement on climate change post-2012.
  • Comprehensive international agreement on commitments for greenhouse gas emission reduction and other measures for climate change mitigation in the UN Climate Change Conference in Copenhagen (December 7-18).
  • The involvement of all countries in climate change mitigation according to their capabilities and circumstances.

Multiannual Programme in the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice

  • Inclusion of the principles of the European Pact on Immigration and Asylum in the new Multiannual Programme, maintaining the competences of the Community and the Member States in the area of legal migration, asylum and border management.
  • Further work on the EU level on evaluating crimes of totalitarian regimes.